Contact UsSitemap
 About Us 


<<< Back

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between Governments. CITES were first formed, in the 1960s. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES is an international agreement to which States (countries) adhere voluntarily. States that have agreed to be bound by the Convention ('joined' CITES) are known as Parties. For many years CITES has been among the conservation agreements with the largest membership, with now 169 Parties.

Because the trade in wild animals and plants crosses borders between countries, the effort to regulate it requires international cooperation to safeguard certain species from over-exploitation. CITES was conceived in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 30,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded as live specimens, fur coats or dried herbs.

CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls. All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system. Each Party to the Convention must designate one or more Management Authorities in charge of administering that licensing system and one or more Scientific Authorities to advise them on the effects of trade on the status of the species.

The species covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices, according to the degree of protection they need.

  • Appendix I include species threatened with extinction. Trade in specimens of these species is permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
  • Appendix II includes species not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade must be controlled in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.
  • Appendix III contains species that are protected in at least one country, which has asked other, CITES Parties for assistance in controlling the trade. Changes to Appendix III follow a distinct procedure from changes to Appendices I and II, as each Party’s is entitled to make unilateral amendments to it.

A specimen of a CITES-listed species may be imported into or exported (or re-exported) from a State party to the Convention only if the appropriate document has been obtained and presented for clearance at the port of entry or exit.

SARAWAK FORESTRY is the recognized management authority for CITES covering the whole state of Sarawak. All imports and exports of CITES-listed species will require the prior issuance of appropriate permits and licenses and these processes are managed by the Security and Asset Protection Unit. For more enquiries regarding CITES, please contact your nearest SARAWAK FORESTRY office.

Source :

What is CITES?
C.I.T.E.S Application Form (192KB)
C.I.T.E.S Process Flow (478KB)
C.I.T.E.S Application for Ramin and Timber Product (178KB)
C.I.T.E.S. Process Flow for Ramin and Timber Product (134KB)

"SAPU has established resource library on COP 13 with hardcopies, brochures available from 20th October 2004."

For further details:
Please email:

You'll need the program, Adobe Acrobat Reader to open the downloaded files.
If you do not have this program, please download and install here.



Copyright © 2006 SARAWAK FORESTRY. All Rights Reserved.