Sarawak has one of most extensive protected area
networks in Malaysia. The State's protected area
network includes 18 national parks, 4 wildlife sanctuaries
and 5 nature reserves. These protected areas cover
a total area 512, 387.47 ha (land area and water
Currently, there are about 15 totally protected areas
that is opened to the public (which includes national
parks, nature reserves and wildlife centers). These
parks and nature reserves showcase our natural heritage
and act as key attractions for Sarawak's expanding
tourism industry. Wildlife sanctuaries, however,
are not open to visitors and exist to preserve and
conserve vulnerable ecosystems or endangered wildlife.
Each has its own crucial role to play in protecting
the natural environment and our remarkable biodiversity.
The Protected Areas and Biodiversity Conservation
unit is responsible for environmental protection
and conservation activities throughout the state.
As the custodian of Sarawak's national parks, other
protected areas and protected species and wildlife
in general; this unit has the greatest interaction
with the general public and enjoys the greatest public
awareness. Its duties include:
- Management of national parks, wildlife
sanctuaries, nature reserves and other protected
- Protection, enhancement and regeneration
of Sarawak's indigenous flora and fauna, including
wildlife rescue and rehabilitation, both inside
and outside protected areas.
- Activities related to forest biodiversity
- Raising public awareness of conservation
and sustainability issues through education and
- Business development and project planning
for conservation based activities.
- Promotion and regulation of nature-based
To be globally recognized
as a leader in management of totally protected areas
(based on IUCN – World
Conservation Union management framework).
To conserve, develop and market products and services
while maintaining a balance of economic, environmental
and social interests.