Totally Protected Areas (TPAs) in Sarawak

Scattered like so many jewels across the green velvet background of the rainforest, Sarawak’s Totally Protected Areas (TPAs), including 46 natioanl parks, 15 nature reserves and 5 wildlife sanctuaries are a showcase of the State’s myriad wonders. They are centres of conservation where strict laws preserve the unique flora and fauna. Homes for Borneo’s diverse wildlife, several are also home to some of the State’s many ethnic groups, who follow, age-old life-styles and traditions.

Summary (As of Nov 2020)

No.Totally Protected Areas (TPAs)Number of ParksLand Area (Ha)Territorial Water (Ha)Total Area (Ha)
1National Park46638,167.001,243,726.001,881,893.00
2Nature Reserve153,460.000.003,460.00
3Wild Life Sanctuary5225,791.400.00225,791.40
Total66867,418.401,243,726.002,111,144.40

Please click here to download the full list of Gazetted TPAs.

List of National Parks Open to Visitors

No.National ParkLocation
1Bako National ParkKuching
2Gunung Mulu National ParkMiri
3Niah National ParkMiri
4Lambir Hills National ParkMiri
5Similajau National ParkBintulu
6Batang Ai National ParkSri Aman
7Gunung Gading National ParkLundu, Kuching
8Kubah National ParkKuching
9Loagan Bunut National ParkMiri
10Tanjung Datu National Park (Temporarily closed)Sematan, Kuching
11Talang Satang National ParkSematan, Kuching
12Maludam National ParkSibu
13Santubong National ParkKuching

List of Nature Reserves Open to Visitors

No.Nature ReserveLocation
1Sama Jaya Nature ReserveKuching
2Semenggoh Nature ReserveKuching
3Wind Cave Nature Reserve (Temporarily closed)Kuching
4Fairy Cave Nature Reserve (Temporarily closed)Kuching
5Bukit Lima Nature ReserveSibu
6Piasau Nature ReserveMiri
7Bukit Sembiling Nature ReserveLimbang
8Bukit Hitam Nature ReserveLimbang

Each park has its own distinctive attractions. Whether it is wild orangutans living in the trees, the comical proboscis monkey, the worldis largest flower, as big as a coffee table, the worldis biggest cave system, the most bio-diverse area on earth, or signs of human habitations going back 40,000 years; it is all there in the parks.

Each park is nature in the raw but several are easily accessible from Sarawak’s cities. You can watch wild orangutans feeding in the morning and be back in time for a delicious lunch at your hotel. You can walk the nature trails of Bako for a day, observe the proboscis monkey and return to sample Kuching’s food and nightlife.

Or, you can really get away from it all. To get the best from the parks you should stay the night, or several nights. After a day’s trekking through the world’s oldest rainforest with its carnivorous plants and unique animals, you will be lulled to sleep in the comfortable chalets by the night symphony of the jungle.

The parks vary in size; some are big enough for the adventurous to spend days on jungle treks taking in waterfalls, caves, lakes, mountains, islands, coral reefs and pristine beaches.

However much time you have, whether long or short, and whatever your interest in nature , the National Parks are the ideal way to sample Sarawak’s treasure of tropical delights.